The Policy Process is a process through which policy is made and implemented.
Policy is best understood as a continuous, iterative and complex process (as shown in this Figure).
As shown in the Figure, the policy process can be identified as three interrelated processes:
- policy development (what happens in the process through which a major policy initiative take place);
- policy implementation and enforcement (how is the policy interpreted and enforced, what programmes to implement it are initiated, what are the effects of these programmes); and
- monitoring and evaluation (assess its impact and needs for improvement).
The Figure also shows that the policy process can be best influenced through a core working group or individuals such as National POPs Team, that can draw on expertise of, and promote communication among, the various concerned agencies and other key stakeholders. This group with proper capacity and capabilities can support different phases of the policy process including identifying problems, setting a policy agenda and defining goals, developing policy and legislation, supporting their implementation and enforcement, and monitoring and evaluation.