Factors Influencing the Policy Process

The Policy Process is influenced by many factors including:

Knowledge and innovation:

  • Knowledge and innovation impacts policy by catalyzing new debates and/or creating awareness of new opportunities.

Social, political and economic context:

  • Priorities in political and development terms, openness to international influences (of all sorts);
  • Resources likely to be available to policy makers and so on; and
  • Who can participate in policy and how, and it defines the forms of legitimacy of and governance associated with environment management and policy processes.

Legal framework:

  • Specific laws directly related to chemical health risk management; and
  • Laws that define institutional processes (the formation of co-operatives and the role of local government, for instance) and government budgets and procedures.

Specific events, especially traumatic events that demand a political response. This includes both natural disasters and anthropogenic events (sudden changes in market conditions, wars).

  • Specific events dictate response timing - based on the urgency of the situation.

Institutional influences:

  • Structure and capabilities of formal institutions such as central government agencies, local government, NGOs, the private sector, political parties and organized religion.

External influences:

    • Donors, international agreements and treaties, and external media and events.

Next Steps:

Agents of Change

The policy process is influenced by many factors
Source: Hatfield Consultants
Hatfield Consultants The World Bank funded by the Canadian POPs Trust Fund through the      
Canadian International Development Agency
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